The Ephorate for Paleoanthropology and Speleology of Southern Greece

Excavations
For the first and second phases of an excavation project in the cave of Ayia Triada in Southern Evia.
 
The secure and undisturbed environment of the Ayia Triadha cave, which contains exceptionally preserved archaeological evidence that ranges from the late sixth to the mid-third millennium B.C., provides a stratigraphic sequence of rare importance for the entire Aegean. The cave’s systematic exploration as well as the publication of results is an important contribution to Aegean prehistoric archaeology.

The project included the excavations of the Early Bronze Age deposits  at the East Chamber of the cave. The team acquired important data to help reconstruct the burial rituals of that era, in addition to osteological material which allows for valuable information on the population inhabiting the Karystia during the Early Bronze Age period. Moreover, strontium isotope, ancient DNA, and other bioanthropological analyses will help determine the origin of the people buried at the Ayia Triadha cave; the material evidence bears close resemblance to the material from similar contexts in the Cycladic region and especially to the well-known Early Cycladic cemetery at Syros and contemporary sites in mainland Greece.

The excavation project was conducted by the Ministry of Culture’s Ephorate for Paleoanthropology and Speleology division in collaboration with the Southern Evia Exploration Project (SEEP). The primary mission of the Ephorate is to explore research and preserve significant caves situated in the Aegean Islands, Southern and Central Greece, as well as in Thessaly. The SEEP is a nonprofit organization in Evia focused on archaeological research.  It falls under the auspices of the Canadian Institute of Greece.
 
Please click to read about the excavation project findings, as they were published in the International Archaeological journal "Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry”.